A potent novel antimicrobial peptide related to caerin 1.12 from the skin secretion of the Australian frog, Litoria aurea

N. Pan, Lei Wang, Mei Zhou, Tianbao Chen, Christopher Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Skin secretions from Australian frogs of the genus Litoria have been extensively studied for many years and are known to contain a large array of antimicrobial peptides that often bear their specific names — caerins (L. caerulea), aureins (L. aurea), citropins (L. citropa) and maculatins (L. genimaculata) — and each group displays distinct primary structural attributes. During a systematic transcriptome cloning study using a cDNA library derived from skin secretion of L. aurea, a series of identical clones were identified that encoded a novel 25-mer antimicrobial peptide that displayed 92% structural identity with caerin 1.12 from L. caerulea, differing in amino acid sequence at only two positions — Arg for Gly at position 7 and Leu amide for Ser amide at the C-terminus. The novel peptide had conserved Pro residues at positions 15 and 19 that flank a flexible hinge region which previous studies have suggested are important for effective orientation of the two alpha-helices within the bacterial membrane resulting in lysis of cells. As the two substitutions in the novel peptide serve to increase both positive charge and hydrophobicity, we synthesised a replicate and determined its minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) against Gram positive Staphylococcus aureus and Gram negative Escherichia coli. The MICs for these organisms were 3 µM and 4 µM, respectively, indicating a high potency and haemolysis was
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-48
Number of pages1
JournalRegulatory Peptides
Volume164
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

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