A Qualitative Market Analysis Applied to Mini-FLOTAC and Fill-FLOTAC for Diagnosis of Helminth Infections in Ruminants

Maria Paola Maurelli*, Oliva Maria Dourado Martins, Eric R. Morgan, Johannes Charlier, Giuseppe Cringoli, Teresa Letra Mateus, Bogdan Bacescu, Christophe Chartier, Edwin Claerebout, Theo de Waal, Christina Helm, Hubertus Hertzberg, Barbara Hinney, Johan Höglund, Iveta Angela Kyriánová, Marcin Mickiewicz, Saulius Petkevičius, Stanislav Simin, Smaragda Sotiraki, Marina TosheskaMariann Toth, María Martínez-Valladares, Marian Varady, Blagica Sekovska, Georg von Samson-Himmelstjerna, Laura Rinaldi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Helminth infections, mainly by gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN), are one of the main concerns for animal health, welfare and productivity in grazing ruminant livestock worldwide. The use of a sensitive, precise, accurate, low-cost, and easy-to-perform copromicroscopic technique is of pivotal importance to perform reliable fecal egg count (FEC) and fecal egg count reduction test (FECRT), in order to determine the need of anthelmintic treatment, but also anthelmintic efficacy or resistance. This approach is fundamental to a correct and efficient control of GIN. Unfortunately, in worldwide ruminant farm practice, repeated anthelmintic treatments are carried out, without prior diagnosis of infection, contributing to the spread of Anthelmintic Resistance (AR). Tackling this phenomenon, improving mainly the GIN diagnosis and AR status in farm animals, is a priority of the European COST Action “COMBAR—COMBatting Anthelmintic Resistance in Ruminants” and of the STAR-IDAZ International Research Consortium on Animal Health. One of the specific objectives of the COMBAR Working Group 1 (WG1) is to conduct an European market analysis of new diagnostics and develop a business plan for commercial test introduction, leveraging technical know-how of participants. Since the Mini-FLOTAC in combination with the Fill-FLOTAC may be considered a good candidate for a standardized FEC and FECRT in the laboratory, as well as directly in the field, the aim of this study was to conduct SWOT (Strength—Weaknesses—Opportunities—Threats) and PESTEL (Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental, and Legal) analyses of these tools in 20 European countries involved in the COMBAR WG1, in order to identify the opportunities, barriers, and challenges that might affect the Mini-FLOTAC and Fill-FLOTAC commercialization in Europe.

Original languageEnglish
Article number580649
Number of pages12
JournalFrontiers in Veterinary Science
Publication statusPublished - 22 Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
One of the positive aspects for the Mini-FLOTAC and Fill-FLOTAC implementation and development is that in Italy there is financial support from the National Funds for Innovation and R&D activity. Recently the PAR-UNINA obtained a grant from the Ministry of Economic Development to develop a field kit based on the on-farm use of the Mini-FLOTAC technique. In other words, PAR-UNINA promotes the continuous improvement of the Mini-FLOTAC technique, which makes it unique in the market.

Funding Information:
This article is based upon work from COST Action COMBAR CA16230, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology).

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright © 2020 Maurelli, Dourado Martins, Morgan, Charlier, Cringoli, Mateus, Bacescu, Chartier, Claerebout, de Waal, Helm, Hertzberg, Hinney, Höglund, Kyriánová, Mickiewicz, Petkevičius, Simin, Sotiraki, Tosheska, Toth, Martínez-Valladares, Varady, Sekovska, von Samson-Himmelstjerna and Rinaldi.

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • anthelmintic resistance (AR)
  • Fill-FLOTAC
  • Mini-FLOTAC
  • PESTEL analysis
  • SWOT analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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