A quality control program for mutation detection in KIT and PDGFRA in gastrointestinal stromal tumours.

I. Hostein, M. Debiec-Rychter, S. Olschwang, P.P. Bringuier, L. Toffolati, D. Gonzalez, S. Forget, F. Escande, L. Morzuch, E. Tamborini, N. Faur, S. Pilotti, P. Dei Tos, J.F. Emile, J.M. Coindre

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Although most gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST) carry oncogenic mutations in KIT exons 9, 11, 13 and 17, or in platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) exons 12, 14 and 18, around 10% of GIST are free of these mutations. Genotyping and accurate detection of KIT/PDGFRA mutations in GIST are becoming increasingly useful for clinicians in the management of the disease. METHOD: To evaluate and improve laboratory practice in GIST mutation detection, we developed a mutational screening quality control program. Eleven laboratories were enrolled in this program and 50 DNA samples were analysed, each of them by four different laboratories, giving 200 mutational reports. RESULTS: In total, eight mutations were not detected by at least one laboratory. One false positive result was reported in one sample. Thus, the mean global rate of error with clinical implication based on 200 reports was 4.5%. Concerning specific polymorphisms detection, the rate varied from 0 to 100%, depending on the laboratory. The way mutations were reported was very heterogeneous, and some errors were detected. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that such a program was necessary for laboratories to improve the quality of the analysis, because an error rate of 4.5% may have clinical consequences for the patient.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)586-594
Number of pages9
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • Exons
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Laboratories
  • Mutation
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
  • Quality Control
  • Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha

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    Hostein, I., Debiec-Rychter, M., Olschwang, S., Bringuier, P. P., Toffolati, L., Gonzalez, D., Forget, S., Escande, F., Morzuch, L., Tamborini, E., Faur, N., Pilotti, S., Dei Tos, P., Emile, J. F., & Coindre, J. M. (2011). A quality control program for mutation detection in KIT and PDGFRA in gastrointestinal stromal tumours. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 46(5), 586-594. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00535-011-0375-0