A Randomized, Double-Blind, Dose-Finding, Multicenter, Phase 2 Study of Radium Chloride (Ra 223) in Patients with Bone Metastases and Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Christopher C Parker, Sarah Pascoe, Aleš Chodacki, Joe M O'Sullivan, Josep R Germá, Charles Gillies O'Bryan-Tear, Trond Haider, Peter Hoskin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

125 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and bone metastases have an unmet clinical need for effective treatments that improve quality of life and survival with a favorable safety profile. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively evaluate the efficacy and safety of three different doses of radium chloride (Ra 223) in patients with CRPC and bone metastases. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In this phase 2 double-blind multicenter study, 122 patients were randomized to receive three injections of Ra 223 at 6-wk intervals, at doses of 25 kBq/kg (n=41), 50 kBq/kg (n=39), or 80 kBq/kg (n=42). The study compared the proportion of patients in each dose group who had a confirmed decrease of =50% in baseline prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Efficacy was evaluated using blood samples to measure PSA and other tumor markers, recorded skeletal-related events, and pain assessments. Safety was evaluated using adverse events (AEs), physical examination, and clinical laboratory tests. The Jonckheere-Terpstra test assessed trends between groups. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: The study met its primary end point with a statistically significant dose-response relationship in confirmed =50% PSA declines for no patients (0%) in the 25-kBq/kg dose group, two patients (6%) in the 50-kBq/kg dose group, and five patients (13%) in the 80-kBq/kg dose group (p=0.0297). A =50% decrease in bone alkaline phosphatase levels was identified in six patients (16%), 24 patients (67%), and 25 patients (66%) in the 25-, 50-, and 80-kBq/kg dose groups, respectively (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189–197
JournalEuropean Urology
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A Randomized, Double-Blind, Dose-Finding, Multicenter, Phase 2 Study of Radium Chloride (Ra 223) in Patients with Bone Metastases and Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this