A rapid dot-blot assay to assess chimerism following sex-mismatched bone marrow transplantation

M Lawler, S R McCann, M A DeArce, P Humphries, Mark Lawler

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Mixed chimerism may occur more frequently than previously thought following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation and may have implications in terms of relapse, graft-versus-host disease and immune reconstitution. DNA analysis using single or multilocus polymorphic probes cannot reliably discriminate between donor and recipient cells below a level of 10%. We used probe pHY2.1, a cloned segment of tandemly repeated DNA (2000 copies) on the long arm of chromosome Y. A dot blot procedure allowed us to immobilize DNA directly from 50 microliter of peripheral blood or bone marrow. Cross-reactivity was eliminated by hybridization at conditions of extreme stringency (65 degrees C, 50% formamide). Mixing experiments detected male DNA at a level of 0.1% after 10 h exposure. Five patients were studied serially post-bone marrow transplantation. One patient showed mixed chimerism for 12 months, one had complete autologous recovery and the remaining three showed complete engraftment. All results were verified by standard karyotyping on bone marrow cells. This technique is a simple, rapid and sensitive assay for chimerism following sex mismatched bone marrow transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-82
Number of pages10
JournalBone Marrow Transplantation
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1988


  • Bone Marrow Transplantation
  • Chimera
  • DNA Probes
  • Female
  • Genetic Techniques
  • Humans
  • Leukemia
  • Male
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Y Chromosome


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