A rapid optical immunoassay for the screening of T-2 and HT-2 toxin in cereals and maize-based baby food

J.P. Meneely, M. Sulyok, S. Baumgartner, R. Krska, Christopher Elliott

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64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A rapid surface plasmon resonance (SPR) screening assay has been developed for the combined detection of T-2 and HT-2 toxins in naturally contaminated cereals using a sensor chip coated with an HT-2 toxin derivative and a monoclonal antibody. The antibody raised against HT-2 displayed high cross-reactivity with T-2 toxin while there was no cross-reaction observed with other commonly occurring trichothecenes. A simple extraction procedure using 40% methanol was applied to baby food, breakfast cereal, and wheat samples prior to biosensor analysis. Limits of detection (LOD) for each matrix were determined as 25 mu g kg(-1) for baby food and breakfast cereal and 26 mu g kg(-1) for wheat. Intra-assay precision (n = 6) was calculated for each matrix. The results were expressed as the relative standard deviation and determined as 2.8% (100 mu g kg(-1)) and 1.8% (200 mu g kg(-1)) in breakfast cereal, 4.6% (50 mu g kg(-1)) and 3.6% (100 mu g kg(-1)) in wheat and 0.97% (25 mu g kg(-1)) and 6.3% (50 mu g kg(-1)) in baby food. Between run precision (n = 3) performed at the same levels yielded relative standard deviations of 6.7% and 3.9% for breakfast cereals, 3.3% and 1.6% for wheat and 6.8% and 0.08% for baby food, respectively. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)630-636
Number of pages7
JournalTalanta
Volume81
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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