Within the Industry 4.0 landscape, humans collaborate with cyber and physical elements to form human‐cyber‐physical systems (HCPS). These environments are increasingly complex and challenging workspaces due to increasing levels of automation and data availability. An effective system design requires suitable frameworks that consider human activities and needs whilst supporting overall system efficacy. Although several reviews of frameworks for technology were identified, none of these focused on the human in the system (moving towards Industry 5). The critical literature review presented provides a summary of HCPS frameworks, maps the considerations for a human in HCPS, and provides insight for future framework and system development. The challenges, recommendations, and areas for further research are discussed.
- Artificial Intelligence
- Computer Networks and Communications
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Information Systems