A review of the effect of management practices on campylobacter prevalence in poultry farms

Nompilo Sibanda*, Aaron McKenna, Anne Richmond, Steven C. Ricke, Todd Callaway, Alexandros Ch Stratakos, Ozan Gundogdu, Nicolae Corcionivoschi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Poultry is frequently associated with campylobacteriosis in humans, with Campylobacter jejuni being the most usual Campylobacter associated with disease in humans. Far-reaching research on Campylobacter was undertaken over the past two decades. This has resulted in interventions being put in place on farms and in processing plants. Despite these interventions, coupled with increased media coverage to educate the consumer on Campylobacter prevalence and campylobacteriosis, human health incidents are still high. Recent research is now shifting toward further understanding of the microorganisms to challenge interventions in place and to look at further and more relevant interventions for the reduction in human incidents. Farm practices play a key role in the control of colonization within poultry houses and among flocks. Prevalence at the farm level can be up to 100% and time of colonization may vary widely between flocks. Considerable research has been performed to understand how farm management and animal health practices can affect colonization on farms. This review will focus on farm practices to date as a baseline for future interventions as the microorganism becomes better understood. Further research is required to understand the chicken microbiome and factors influencing vertical transmission. The persistence of Campylobacter in animal and environmental reservoirs within and around farms requires further investigation to tailor farm practices toward preventing such reservoirs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2002
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume9
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Sibanda, McKenna, Richmond, Ricke, Callaway, Stratakos, Gundogdu and Corcionivoschi.

Copyright:
Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Biosecurity
  • Campylobacter
  • Farm practices
  • Management
  • Poultry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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