Climate change is causing detrimental changes in living organisms, including pathogens. This review aimed to determine how climate change has impacted livestock system management, and consequently, what factors influenced the gastrointestinal nematodes epidemiology in small ruminants under tropical conditions. The latter is orientated to find out the possible solutions responding to climate change adverse effects. Climate factors that affect the patterns of transmission of gastrointestinal parasites of domesticated ruminants are reviewed. Climate change has modified the behavior of several animal species, including parasites. For this reason, new control methods are required for controlling parasitic infections in livestock animals. After a pertinent literature analysis, conclusions and perspectives of control are given.
|Number of pages||13|
|Early online date||24 Jan 2022|
|Publication status||Published - 24 Jan 2022|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: The present review article was financed by the ‘Proyectos Fiscales Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agrícolas y Pecuarias, INIFAP’ (project number: 139335341).
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- global warming
- selection of parasite resistance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Molecular Biology
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases