A review on basalt fibre and its composites

V. Fiore*, T. Scalici, Guido Di Bella, A. Valenza

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

599 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, both industrial and academic world are focussing their attention toward the development of sustainable composites, reinforced with natural fibres. In particular, among the natural fibres (i.e. animal, vegetable or mineral) that can be used as reinforcement, the basalt ones represent the most interesting for their properties. The aim of this review is to illustrate the results of research on this topical subject. In the introduction, mechanical, thermal and chemical properties of basalt fibre have been reviewed. Moreover, its main manufacturing technologies have been described. Then, the effect of using this mineral fibre as reinforcement of different matrices as polymer (both thermoplastic and thermoset), metal and concrete has been presented. Furthermore, an overview on the application of this fibre in biodegradable matrix composites and in hybrid composites has been provided. Finally, the studies on the industrial applications of basalt fibre reinforced composites have been reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-94
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Early online date12 May 2015
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2015


  • A. Ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs)
  • A. Metal-matrix composites (MMCs)
  • A. Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • Basalt fibre

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'A review on basalt fibre and its composites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this