BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Among the pathogenic mechanisms of asthma, a role for oxidative/nitrosative stress has been well documented. Recent evidence suggests that histamine H₄ receptors play a modulatory role in allergic inflammation. Here we report the effects of compound JNJ 7777120 (JNJ), a selective H4 receptor antagonist, on antigen-induced airway inflammation, paying special attention to its effects on lipocortin-1 (LC-1/annexin-A1), a 37 kDA anti-inflammatory protein that plays a key role in the production of inflammatory mediators.
EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Ovalbumin (OA)-sensitized guinea pigs placed in a respiratory chamber were challenged with antigen. JNJ (5, 7.5 and 10 mg.kg⁻¹) was given i.p. for 4 days before antigen challenge. Respiratory parameters were recorded. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid was collected and lung specimens taken for further analyses 1 h after antigen challenge. In BAL fluid, levels of LC-1, PGD2 , LTB4 and TNF-α were measured. In lung tissue samples, myeloperoxidase, caspase-3 and Mn-superoxide dismutase activities and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine levels were measured.
KEY RESULTS: OA challenge decreased LC-1 levels in BAL fluid, induced cough, dyspnoea and bronchoconstriction and increased PGD2 , LTB4 and TNF-α levels in lung tissue. Treatment with JNJ dose-dependently increased levels of LC-1, reduced respiratory abnormalities and lowered levels of PGD2 , LTB4 and TNF-α in BAL fluid.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Antigen-induced asthma-like reactions in guinea pigs decreased levels of LC-1 and increased TNF-α and eicosanoid production. JNJ pretreatment reduced allergic asthmatic responses and airway inflammation, an effect associated with LC-1 up-regulation.
Bibliographical note© 2013 The British Pharmacological Society.
- Annexin A1
- Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid
- Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
- Guinea Pigs
- Histamine Antagonists
- Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha