A service reconfiguration bundle for expanding access to peritoneal dialysis including for older frailer patients

Michael Corr*, Carolyn Hunter, Daniel Conroy, Damian McGrogan, Damian Fogarty, Stephen O’Neill

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Introduction: Rates of peritoneal dialysis (PD) have been traditionally low in Northern Ireland. With rising numbers of patients reaching end-stage kidney disease, PD is a more cost effective treatment than haemodialysis and aligns with international goals to increase home-based dialysis options. The aim of our study was to highlight how a service reconfiguration bundle expanded access to PD in Northern Ireland.

Methods: The service reconfiguration bundle consisted of the
appointment of a surgical lead, a dedicated interventional radiologist for fluoroscopically guided PD catheter insertion, and a nephrology-led ultrasound-guided PD catheter insertion service in an area of particular need. All patients in Northern Ireland who had a PD catheter inserted in the year following service reconfigurations were included and prospectively followed up for one-year. Patient demographics, PD catheter insertion technique, setting of procedure, and outcome data were summarised.

Results: The number of patients receiving PD catheter insertion doubled to 66 in the year following service reconfigurations. The range of approaches to PD catheter insertion (laparoscopic n = 41, percutaneous n = 24 and open n = 1) allowed a wide range of patients to benefit from PD. Six patients had emergency PD catheter insertion, with four receiving urgent or early start PD. Nearly half (48%, 29/60) of the PD catheters inserted electively were in smaller elective hubs rather than the regional unit. A total of 97% of patients successfully started PD. Patients who
experienced percutaneous PD catheter insertion were older [median age 76 (range 37–88) vs. 56 (range 18–84), p < 0.0001] and had less previous abdominal surgery than patients who experienced laparoscopic PD catheter insertion (25%, 6/24 vs. 54%, 22/41, p = 0.05).

Discussion: Through a service reconfiguration bundle, we were able to double our annual incident PD population. This study highlights how flexible models of service delivery introduced as a bundle can quickly deliver expanded access to PD and home therapy
Original languageEnglish
Article number1654
JournalHealthcare
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05 Jun 2023

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