Accurate binary classification of electroencephalography (EEG) signals is a challenging task for the development of motor imagery (MI) brain-computer interface (BCI) systems. In this study, two sliding window techniques are proposed to enhance the binary classification of MI. The first one calculates the longest consecutive repetition (LCR) of the sequence of prediction of all the sliding windows and is named SW-LCR. The second calculates the mode of the sequence of prediction of all the sliding windows and is named SW-Mode. Common spatial pattern (CSP) is used for extracting features with linear discriminant analysis (LDA) used for classification of each time window. Both the SW-LCR and SW-Mode are applied on publicly available BCI Competition IV-2a data set of healthy individuals and on a stroke patients' data set. Compared with the existing state of the art, the SW-LCR performed better in the case of healthy individuals and SW-Mode performed better on stroke patients' data set for left-versus right-hand MI with lower standard deviation. For both the data sets, the classification accuracy (CA) was approximately 80% and kappa (κ) was 0.6. The results show that the sliding window-based prediction of MI using SW-LCR and SW-Mode is robust against intertrial and intersession inconsistencies in the time of activation within a trial and thus can lead to a reliable performance in a neurorehabilitative BCI setting.
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Jan 2021|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright: © 2021 IEEE. Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Brain-computer interface (BCI)
- common spatial patterns (CSPs)
- electroencephalography (EEG)
- linear discriminant analysis (LDA)
- motor imagery (MI)