A stochastic optimization method for energy storage sizing based on an expected value model

Delong Zhang, Jianlin Li, Xueqin Liu, Jianbo Guo, Shaohua Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Energy storage technologies have been rapidly evolving in recent years. Energy storage plays different roles in various scenarios. For electricity consumers, they are concerned with how to use the energy storage system (ESS) to reduce their costs of electricity or increase their profits. In this paper, a stochastic optimization method for energy storage sizing based on an expected value model for consumers with Photovoltaic Generation (PV) is proposed. Firstly, the Gaussian mixture model clustering method is used to cluster the historical load and PV data and calculate the probability of each cluster. Secondly, the optimal model of total system profit is established. Finally, according to the expected value model, the optimal ESS power and capacity are determined. Two case studies are used to demonstrate the calculation of optimal ESS capacity. The results obtained by the method proposed in this paper are compared with the results produced by the deterministic method. Through the analysis and comparison, the validity and superiority of the method proposed in this paper are verified. The profits obtained by the method proposed in this paper are 0.87% to 127.16% more than the deterministic method.
LanguageEnglish
Article number702
Number of pages14
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Energy Storage
Stochastic Optimization
Stochastic Methods
Expected Value
Energy storage
Optimization Methods
Storage System
Profit
Profitability
Electricity
Model
Gaussian Mixture Model
Clustering Methods
Calculate
Scenarios
Costs
Demonstrate

Keywords

  • Consumer side
  • Energy storage system
  • Expected value model
  • Stochastic optimization

Cite this

Zhang, Delong ; Li, Jianlin ; Liu, Xueqin ; Guo, Jianbo ; Xu, Shaohua. / A stochastic optimization method for energy storage sizing based on an expected value model. In: Energies. 2019 ; Vol. 12, No. 4.
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abstract = "Energy storage technologies have been rapidly evolving in recent years. Energy storage plays different roles in various scenarios. For electricity consumers, they are concerned with how to use the energy storage system (ESS) to reduce their costs of electricity or increase their profits. In this paper, a stochastic optimization method for energy storage sizing based on an expected value model for consumers with Photovoltaic Generation (PV) is proposed. Firstly, the Gaussian mixture model clustering method is used to cluster the historical load and PV data and calculate the probability of each cluster. Secondly, the optimal model of total system profit is established. Finally, according to the expected value model, the optimal ESS power and capacity are determined. Two case studies are used to demonstrate the calculation of optimal ESS capacity. The results obtained by the method proposed in this paper are compared with the results produced by the deterministic method. Through the analysis and comparison, the validity and superiority of the method proposed in this paper are verified. The profits obtained by the method proposed in this paper are 0.87{\%} to 127.16{\%} more than the deterministic method.",
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A stochastic optimization method for energy storage sizing based on an expected value model. / Zhang, Delong; Li, Jianlin; Liu, Xueqin; Guo, Jianbo; Xu, Shaohua.

In: Energies, Vol. 12, No. 4, 702, 21.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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