A strategy to identify critical appraisal criteria for primary mixed-method studies

J.E.M. Sale, K. Brazil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)


The practice of mixed-methods research has increased considerably over the last 10 years. While these studies have been criticized for violating quantitative and qualitative paradigmatic assumptions, the methodological quality of mixed-method studies has not been addressed. The purpose of this paper is to identify criteria to critically appraise the quality of mixed-method studies in the health literature. Criteria for critically appraising quantitative and qualitative studies were generated from a review of the literature. These criteria were organized according to a cross-paradigm framework. We recommend that these criteria be applied to a sample of mixed-method studies which are judged to be exemplary. With the consultation of critical appraisal experts and experienced qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-method researchers, further efforts are required to revise and prioritize the criteria according to importance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-365
Number of pages15
JournalQuality and Quantity
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 01 Aug 2004

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


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