A study of farmers’ interaction with wildlife: a case study in Eastern Kenya

Dawn Scott, Roy Nelson

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Human-wildlife conflict has gained media prominence following recent high profile incidents in Africa and the continuing interest in conservation and ecological management globally. This study investigated the human - wildlife relationship in two regions within Eastern Kenya (Makueni and Mwingi) and gathered information on the farmers’ experiences of damage incurred, preventative measures employed, and role the Kenyan Wildlife Service (KWS).
The research employed a mixed method approach and collected data using focus group discussions, semi-structured interviews and ethnographic observations. The results revealed 8 themes which can be summarised in three overarching concepts – environmental concerns, wildlife management and interventions (educational and governmental).
The study identified that there are many challenges and conflicts associated with living in a bio diverse area, amplified within vulnerable communities. Negative attitudes and behaviours towards wildlife may consequently ensue. The most detrimental wild animals identified were Quail, Hyena and Dik-dik. Support for the farmers through active KWS interventions would help to restore and maintain co-relationships. Education was seen as a key component in providing the skills and knowledge to affect change. However it was noted that although farmers and growers are affected directly and indirectly they feel privileged to co- exist and live alongside the wild animals.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages26
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2016
EventIrish Ecological Association - Sligo, Ireland
Duration: 25 Nov 201626 Nov 2016


ConferenceIrish Ecological Association


  • Wildlife Conflict, Biodiversity and farming, Eastern Kenya


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