A survey of coronary risk factors and B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations in cardiac nurses from Europe: Do nurses still practice what they preach?

Tiny Jaarsma*, Simon Stewart, Sabina De Geest, Bengt Fridlund, Johanna Heikkilä, Jan Mårtensson, Philip Moons, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer, Karen Smith, Anna Strömberg, David R. Thompson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: From a previous survey of cardiac nurses attending a scientific conference, we learned that these nurses adopted a healthier lifestyle than the general population. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the overall profile of cardiac risk factors in a similar cohort and determine whether cardiac nurses continue to 'practice what they preach' in this regard. Secondly, we examined the practical value of screening a large cohort of individuals within a short time frame (total of 8 hours screening time) and determined the range of BNP concentrations within a 'healthy' cohort. Methods: Data on CHD risk factors were collected with a short self-report questionnaire. The sample consisted of 122 cardiac nurses from 19 countries attending a European cardiac nursing conference held in Stockholm. A venous blood sample was collected into a tube containing potassium ETDA. B-type natriuretic peptide was measured on-site with the use of a portable fluorescence immunoassay kit. Results: Most participants were female (89%). Participants ranged in age from 23 to 60 years with a mean age of 41 (S.D. 9.4). Eleven percent - all female - reported they were current smokers, 27% (34) had a BMI >25 and 27% of the sample stated they did not exercise regularly. Almost half (48%) of the sample reported a family history of CHD. As expected, all BNP-values were within the normal range. There were significant differences in BNP on the basis of sex (P<0.05) and age (P<0.05) and a trend towards increasing BNP concentrations with progressively higher BMI scores (P=0.06). Conclusion: This study reconfirms the likelihood that many cardiac nurses heed their own advice on lifestyle modification to reduce cardiovascular risk and therefore provide a good role model for the promotion of primary and secondary prevention initiatives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-6
Number of pages4
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • B-type natriuretic peptide
  • Cardiovascular risk factors
  • Nurses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medical–Surgical
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

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    Jaarsma, T., Stewart, S., De Geest, S., Fridlund, B., Heikkilä, J., Mårtensson, J., Moons, P., Scholte Op Reimer, W., Smith, K., Strömberg, A., & Thompson, D. R. (2004). A survey of coronary risk factors and B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations in cardiac nurses from Europe: Do nurses still practice what they preach? European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 3(1), 3-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2004.01.005