A Survey on Mobile Anchor Node Assisted Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks

Guangjie Han, Jinfang Jiang, Chenyu Zhang, Trung Q. Duong, Mohsen Guizani, George K. Karagiannidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

283 Citations (Scopus)


Localization is one of the key technologies in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), since it provides fundamental support for many location-aware protocols and applications. Constraints on cost and power consumption make it infeasible to equip each sensor node in the network with a Global Position System (GPS) unit, especially for large-scale WSNs. A promising method to localize unknown nodes is to use mobile anchor nodes (MANs), which are equipped with GPS units moving among unknown nodes and periodically broadcasting their current locations to help nearby unknown nodes with localization. A considerable body of research has addressed the Mobile Anchor Node Assisted Localization (MANAL) problem. However to the best of our knowledge, no updated surveys on MAAL reflecting recent advances in the field have been presented in the past few years. This survey presents a review of the most successful MANAL algorithms, focusing on the achievements made in the past decade, and aims to become a starting point for researchers who are initiating their endeavors in MANAL research field. In addition, we seek to present a comprehensive review of the recent breakthroughs in the field, providing links to the most interesting and successful advances in this research field.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials
Publication statusEarly online date - 22 Mar 2016


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