The European Union has set a target for 10% renewable energy in transport by 2020 to be met using biofuels and electric vehicles. In the case of biofuels, the biofuel must achieve greenhouse gas savings of 35% relative to the fossil fuel replaced. For biofuels, greenhouse gas savings can be calculated using life cycle analysis or the European Union default values. In contrast, all electricity used in transport is considered to be the same, regardless of the source or the type of electric vehicle. However, the choice of the electric vehicle and electricity source will have a major impact on the greenhouse gas saving. In this paper the initial findings of a well-to-wheel analysis of electric vehicle deployment in Northern Ireland are presented. The key finding indicates that electric vehicles require least amount of energy per mile on a well-to-wheel basis, consume the fewest resources, even accommodating inefficient fuel production, in comparison to standard internal combustion engine and hybrid vehicles.
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2012|
|Event||7th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems (SDEWES2012) - Ohrid, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of|
Duration: 01 Jul 2012 → 01 Jul 2012
|Conference||7th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems (SDEWES2012)|
|Country/Territory||Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of|
|Period||01/07/2012 → 01/07/2012|