Aberrant expression of microRNA induced by high-fructose diet: implications in the pathogenesis of hyperlipidemia and hepatic insulin resistance

Neetu Sud, Hanyuan Zhang, Kaichao Pan, Xiao Cheng, Juan Cui, Qiaozhu Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Fructose is a highly lipogenic sugar that can alter energy metabolism and trigger metabolic disorders. In the current study, microRNAs (miRNAs) altered by a high-fructose diet were comprehensively explored to elucidate their significance in the pathogenesis of chronic metabolic disorders. miRNA expression profiling using small noncoding RNA sequencing revealed that 19 miRNAs were significantly upregulated and 26 were downregulated in the livers of high-fructose-fed mice compared to chow-fed mice. Computational prediction and functional analysis identified 10 miRNAs, miR-19b-3p, miR-101a-3p, miR-30a-5p, miR-223-3p, miR-378a-3p, miR-33-5p, miR-145a-3p, miR-128-3p, miR-125b-5p and miR-582-3p, assembled as a regulatory network to potentially target key genes in lipid and lipoprotein metabolism and insulin signaling at multiple levels. qRT-PCR analysis of their potential target genes [IRS-1, FOXO1, SREBP-1c/2, ChREBP, insulin-induced gene-2 (Insig-2), microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTTP) and apolipoprotein B (apoB)] demonstrated that fructose-induced alterations of miRNAs were also reflected in mRNA expression profiles of their target genes. Moreover, the miRNA profile induced by high-fructose diet differed from that induced by high-fat diet, indicating that miRNAs mediate distinct pathogenic mechanisms in dietary-induced metabolic disorders. This study presents a comprehensive analysis of a new set of hepatic miRNAs, which were altered by high-fructose diet and provides novel insights into the interaction between miRNAs and their target genes in the development of metabolic syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-131
JournalThe Journal of nutritional biochemistry
Early online date20 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - 01 May 2017


  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects
  • Fructose/adverse effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Hyperlipidemias/etiology
  • Insulin Resistance/genetics
  • Lipid Metabolism/genetics
  • Liver/physiology
  • Male
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • MicroRNAs/genetics
  • Rats


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