Accounting for clean, fast and high yielding reactions under microwave conditions

Christopher Roy Strauss, David W. Rooney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thermal reactions proceed optimally when they are rapidly heated to the highest tolerable temperature, held there for the shortest possible time and then quenched. This is explained through assessments of reaction kinetics in literature examples and models. Although presently available microwave equipment is better suited to rapid heating than resistance-heated systems, the findings do not depend upon the method of heating. Claims that microwave heated reactions proceed faster and more cleanly than their conventionally heated counterparts are valid only when comparably rapid heating and cooling cannot be obtained by conventional heating. These findings suggest that rigid adherence to the sixth principle of green chemistry, relating to the use of ambient temperature and pressure, may not always afford optimal results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1340-1344
Number of pages5
JournalGreen Chemistry
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

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