We investigate the achievable ergodic sum-rate of multi-user multiple-input multiple-output systems in Ricean fading channels. We first derive a lower bound on the average signal-to-leakage-and-noise ratio by utilizing the Mullen's inequality, which is then used to analyze the effect of channel mean information on the achievable sum-rate. With these results, a novel statistical-eigenmode space-division multipleaccess downlink transmission scheme is proposed. For this scheme, we derive an exact closed-form expression for the achievable ergodic sum-rate. Our results show that the achievable ergodic sum-rate converges to a saturation value in the high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) region and reaches to a lower limit value in the lower Ricean K-factor range. In addition, we present tractable upper and lower bounds, which are shown to be tight for any SNR and Ricean K-factor value. Finally, the theoretical analysis is validated via numerical simulations.
|Title of host publication||2015 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC)|
|Publisher||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2015|
Tan, W., Jin, S., Wang, J., & Matthaiou, M. (2015). Achievable sum-rate of multiuser massive MIMO downlink in ricean fading channels. In 2015 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICC.2015.7248528