Achieving zero CO2 emissions from integrated biomass gasification with CO2 capture and utilization (IGCCU)

Yuan Zhu, Bingxin Li, Jie Miao, Shuzhuang Sun, Yuanyuan Wang, Xiaotong Zhao, Biqiong Chen, Chunfei Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
93 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Biomass energy plays a crucial role in mitigating carbon emissions. However, the existing gasification technology faces challenges such as releasing undesirable CO2 in the produced syngas. Here we propose a new concept for achieving zero CO2 emissions by integrating gasification with CO2 capture and utilization (IGCCU) for the first time. During lignin gasification, valuable syngas (H2/CO) can be produced, and CO2 in the gaseous products can be simultaneously captured by CaO. After completing the lignin gasification process, the captured CO2 can be effectively converted to CO by switching the carrier gas from N2 to H2. The results show that the entire process achieves zero CO2 emissions with carbonation and hydrogenation process at 400 °C and 550 °C, respectively. This approach allows a significant reduction in CO2 yield from 0.95 mmol g−1CaO g−1lignin (benchmark experiment) to nearly 0, using CaO as an adsorbent and catalyst. The disappeared CO2 was converted into 0.95 mmol g−1CaO g−1lignin of CO, by introducing H2 to the sorbent regeneration stage. Furthermore, excellent cyclic stability has been achieved with zero CO2 emissions after five cycles and consistent 100% CO2 conversion during the CO2 utilization stage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number145767
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume474
Early online date01 Sept 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2023

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