We have compared the roles of adenosine diphosphate (ADP), thromboxanes and the integrin alpha(2)beta(1) in the activation of washed platelets by collagen in the presence of the alpha(IIb)beta3 antagonist lotrafiban. The stimulation of protein tyrosine phosphorylation by a collagen suspension is markedly delayed in the presence of the above inhibitors but shows substantial recovery with time. In comparison, activation of phospholipase C (PLC), Ca2+ elevation and dense granule secretion are more severely suppressed by the above inhibitors. blockade has a slightly greater inhibitory effect on all of the above responses than a combination of ADP receptor antagonists and cyclooxygenase inhibitor. Platelets exposed to a collagen monolayer show robust elevation of Ca2+ that is delayed in the presence of the above inhibitors and which is accompanied by of-granule secretion. These results demonstrate that secondary mediators and alpha(2)beta(1) modulate collagen-induced intracellular signaling but have negligible effect on GPVI signaling induced by the specific agonist convulxin. This work supports the postulate that the major role of of alpha(2)beta(1) is to increase the avidity of collagen for the platelet surface and by doing so enhance activation of GPVI. Therefore we propose an important role of secondary mediators in collagen-induced signaling is the indirect regulation of GPVI signaling via activation of alpha(2)beta(1).
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|