Activity of hypothiocyanite and lactoferrin (ALX-009) against respiratory cystic fibrosis pathogens in sputum

Michael M Tunney, Joanna E Payne, Stephanie J McGrath, Gisli G Einarsson, Rebecca J Ingram, Deirdre F Gilpin, Victor Juarez-Perez, J Stuart Elborn

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Abstract

Objectives: To determine the antimicrobial activity of ALX-009, a combination of bovine lactoferrin and hypothiocyanite, in sputum against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc), key pathogens causing infection in the lungs of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients.

Methods: The antimicrobial activity of ALX-009 against clinical respiratory P. aeruginosa isolates was determined by time-kill assay. Sputum from CF patients was treated with ALX-009, either alone or in combination with tobramycin, and the effect on P. aeruginosa, Bcc and total sputum density was determined.

Results: Time-kill assay indicated that ALX-009 was bactericidal at 24 h against 4/4 P. aeruginosa isolates under aerobic conditions, and against 3/4 isolates under anaerobic conditions. ALX-009 was also bactericidal against P. aeruginosa in sputum samples at 6 h (n = 22/24 samples) and 24 h (n = 14/24 samples), and demonstrated significantly greater activity than tobramycin at both timepoints. Activity against Bcc in sputum samples (n = 9) was also demonstrated, but the magnitude of change in Bcc density was less than for P. aeruginosa. To determine the effect of treating sputum with two doses of ALX-009, similar to current regimens for inhaled antibiotics, aliquots of a further 10 sputum samples positive for P. aeruginosa were treated with one (t = 0 h) or two doses (t = 0 h, t = 12 h) of ALX-009; treatment with two doses resulted in bactericidal activity in 7/10 samples at 34 h compared with only 3/10 samples when treatment was with one dose.

Conclusions: ALX-009 demonstrates promise as a novel antimicrobial that could be used to decrease P. aeruginosa density in the lungs of people with CF.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Early online date14 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 14 Sep 2018

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