Actuated Musical Instruments - A State of the Art

Tiago Ângelo, Rui Penha, José Gomes

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


This article provides an overview of the
state of the art in research driven
towards the modification of the timbral
properties of acoustic musical
instruments through the use of electromechanical
actuators (actuated
instruments), allowing for synthetic
sound generation to blend with the
sound diffusion patterns of acoustic
instruments. A selection of acoustic
instruments and experimental
research representing four Hornbostel-Sachs
classes (idiophones, membranophones,
chordophones and aerophones)
is presented and their nouvelle
characteristics and subsequent
implementation is discussed, focusing
on the techniques employed in the
acoustical actuation.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes
EventICLI Live Interfaces 2018 -
Duration: 14 Jun 2018 → …


ConferenceICLI Live Interfaces 2018
Period14/06/2018 → …


  • actuated musical instruments
  • sonic arts


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