Added complexity in Ras and Rho family GTPase function: Added complexity in Ras and Rho family GTPase function

Michelle de la Vega, James F Burrows, James A Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The regulation of the small GTPases leading to their membrane localization has long been attributed to processing of their C-terminal CAAX box. As deregulation of many of these GTPases have been implicated in cancer and other disorders, prenylation and methylation of this CAAX box has been studied in depth as a possibility for drug targeting, but unfortunately, to date no drug has proved clinically beneficial. However, these GTPases also undergo other modifications that may be important for their regulation. Ubiquitination has long been demonstrated to regulate the fate of numerous cellular proteins and recently it has become apparent that many GTPases, along with their GAPs, GeFs and GDis, undergo ubiquitination leading to a variety of fates such as re-localization or degradation. in this review we focus on the recent literature demonstrating that the regulation of small GTPases by ubiquitination, either directly or indirectly, plays a considerable role in controlling their function and that targeting these modifications could be important for disease treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-201
Number of pages10
JournalSmall GTPases
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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