Addressing the technical and market challenges to high wind power integration in Ireland

Aoife Foley, B.P. Ó Gallachóir, E.J. McKeogh, D. Milborrow, P.G. Leahy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)


Over the last decade there has been a rapid global increase in wind power stimulated by energy and climate policies. However, as wind power is inherently variable and stochastic over a range of time scales, additional system balancing is required to ensure system reliability and stability. This paper reviews the technical, policy and market challenges to achieving ambitious wind power penetration targets in Ireland’s All-Island Grid and examines a number of measures proposed to address these challenges. Current government policy in Ireland is to address these challenges with additional grid reinforcement, interconnection and open-cycle gas plant. More recently smart grid combined with demand side management and electric vehicles have also been presented as options to mitigate the variability of wind power. In addition, the transmission system operators have developed wind farm specific grid codes requiring improved turbine controls and wind power forecasting techniques.
Original languageEnglish
Article number19
Pages (from-to)692-703
Number of pages11
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Early online date28 Dec 2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • power systems; interconnection; electricity markets; electric vehicles; wind forecasting; smart grid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


Dive into the research topics of 'Addressing the technical and market challenges to high wind power integration in Ireland'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this