Adolescents' educational outcomes in a social ecology of parenting, family, and community risks in Northern Ireland

Marcie C. Goeke-Morey*, Laura K. Taylor, Christine E. Merrilees, E. Mark Cummings, Ed Cairns, Peter Shirlow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines the influence of social ecological risks within the domains of parenting, family environment, and community in the prediction of educational outcomes for 770 adolescents (49% boys, 51% girls, M = 13.6 years, SD = 2.0) living in a setting of protracted political conflict, specifically working class areas of Belfast, Northern Ireland. Controlling for religious community, age, and gender, youths' lower academic achievement was associated with family environments characterized by high conflict and low cohesion. School behaviour problems were related to greater exposure to community violence, or sectarian and nonsectarian antisocial behaviour. Youths' expectations about educational attainment were undermined by conflict in the family environment and antisocial behaviour in the community, as well as parenting low in warmth and behavioural control. Findings underscore the importance of considering family and community contributions to youths' educational outcomes. Suggestions regarding targeted interventions toward promoting resilience are discussed, such as assessing both child and family functioning, developing multidimensional interventions for parents, and building community partnerships, among others.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-256
JournalSchool Psychology International
Volume34
Issue number3
Early online date29 Jan 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • adolescents
  • community violence
  • educational attainment
  • educational outcomes
  • family environment
  • Northern Ireland
  • parenting
  • political conflict
  • school behaviour problems
  • social ecology of risk
  • POLITICAL VIOLENCE
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • ADJUSTMENT
  • EXPOSURE
  • CONTEXTS
  • CHILDREN
  • PSYCHOLOGY
  • BEHAVIORS
  • TRAUMA
  • MODEL

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