Adsorption and aggregation properties of norovirus GI and GII virus-like particles demonstrate differing responses to solution chemistry

Allegra K da Silva, Owen V Kavanagh, Mary K Estes, Menachem Elimelech

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The transport properties (adsorption and aggregation behavior) of virus-like particles (VLPs) of two strains of norovirus ("Norwalk" GI.1 and "Houston" GII.4) were studied in a variety of solution chemistries. GI.1 and GII.4 VLPs were found to be stable against aggregation at pH 4.0-8.0. At pH 9.0, GI.1 VLPs rapidly disintegrated. The attachment efficiencies (a) of GI.1 and GII.4 VLPs to silica increased with increasing ionic strength in NaCl solutions at pH 8.0. The attachment efficiency of GI.1 VLPs decreased as pH was increased above the isoelectric point (pH 5.0), whereas at and below the isoelectric point, the attachment efficiency was erratic. Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) dramatically increased the attachment efficiencies of GI.1 and GII.4 VLPs, which may be due to specific interactions with the VLP capsids. Bicarbonate decreased attachment efficiencies for both GI.1 and GII.4 VLPs, whereas phosphate decreased the attachment efficiency of GI.1, while increasing GII.4 attachment efficiency. The observed differences in GI.1 and GII.4 VLP attachment efficiencies in response to solution chemistry may be attributed to differential responses of the unique arrangement of exposed amino acid residues on the capsid surface of each VLP strain.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)520-6
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental science & technology
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Virus Attachment
  • Virion
  • Fresh Water
  • Kinetics
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Adsorption
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Norovirus
  • Solutions
  • Surface Properties

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