Aerodynamic performance of a bypass engine with fan nozzle exit area change by warped chevrons

B. Sloan, J. Wang, Stephen Spence, S. Raghunathan, D. Riordan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)


Variation of the bypass nozzle exit area enables optimization of the turbofan engine operating cycle over a wider range of operational conditions resulting in improved thrust and/or fuel consumption. Two mechanisms for varying the nozzle area have been investigated. The first uses an array of chevrons which when closed, form a full body of revolution and when warped/curved, increase the exit area while forming a serrated trailing edge. The second technique incorporates an axially translating section of the nacelle shroud and uses the change in the nozzle boat-tail radial location with the axial location as a means to vary the nozzle exit area. To analyse the effects on a typical rotor/stator stage, computational fluid dynamics simulations of the NASA Rotor 67, Stator 67A stage integrated into a custom-built nacelle were performed. Nozzles with 8, 12, and 16 chevrons were simulated to evaluate the impact of the variation in geometry upon the nacelle wake and local forces. Gross thrust of the nacelle and the turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) variation through the wake is compared. The chevron nozzle attains a nearly 2 per cent maximum thrust improvement over the translating nozzle technique. The chevron nozzle also has significantly lower (nearly 8 per cent) peak TKE levels in the jet plume.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-743
Number of pages13
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2010

Bibliographical note

This paper received two separate awards from IMechE: the Ken Harris James Award and the George Stephenson Medal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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