After the Male Breadwinner Model? Childcare Services and the Division of Labor in European Countries

Rossella Ciccia, Inge Bleijenbergh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)
3678 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Fundamental reforms in childcare services appear to have eroded traditional
support to the male breadwinner model across European states. There has been a strong debate about the direction of these changes, and the ways in which childcare services can alter the division of labor and promote gender equality. This paper deals with these issues by using fuzzy set ideal-type analysis to assess the conformity of childcare service provisions in European economies to Fraser’s four ideal typical models: male breadwinner, caregiver parity, universal breadwinner, and universal caregiver. We find that there is resilience of traditional gender roles in the majority of European countries, while there are different variants of the universal breadwinner shaping different forms of childcare policies. The more equalitarian universal caregiver model maintains its utopian character.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-79
JournalSocial Politics
Volume21
Issue number1
Early online date17 Feb 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • childcare
  • Europe
  • social policy
  • Fuzzy sets
  • gender equality

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