Age-Related Macular Degeneration-Associated Genes in Alzheimer Disease

Michael A Williams, Gareth J McKay, Robyn Carson, David Craig, Giuliana Silvestri, Peter Passmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: Given the clinical and pathological similarities between age-relatedmacular degeneration (AMD) and Alzheimer disease (AD), to assess whether AMDassociatedsingle nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including those from complementrelatedgenes, are associated with AD. 
Design: A case-control association study-typedesign. 
Setting: A UK tertiary care dementia clinic. 
Participants: 322 cognitivelynormal participants and 258 cases with a clinical diagnosis of AD.
Measurements:Polymorphisms in the following genes were studied: CFH, ARMS2, C2/CFB, C3, CFI/PLA2G12a, SERPING1, TLR3, TLR4, CRP, APOE, and TOMM40. Haplotypes were analysedfor CFH, TOMM40, and APOE. Univariate analysis was performed for each geneticchange and case-comparator status, and then correction for multiple testing performed. 
Results: The presence of an ε4 APOE allele was significantly associated with AD. Noassociation was evident between CFH SNPs or haplotypes, or other AMD-associated SNPstested, and AD. The exceptions were TOMM40 SNPs, which were associated with AD evenafter correction for multiple comparisons. The associations disappeared, however, whenentered into a regression model including APOE genotypes. 
Conclusions: The resultsfor most SNPs tested, as well as CFH haplotypes, are novel. The functional effects ofabnormal complement activity in AD’s pathogenesis may be contradictory, butmethodological reasons may underlie the lack of association—for example, geneticchanges other than SNPs being involved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1290-1296
Number of pages6
JournalThe American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number12
Early online date24 Jun 2015
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

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