We hypothesised that primary bronchial epithelial cells (PBECs) from subjects with COPD respond differently to Pseudomonas aeruginosa lipopolysaccharide (PA LPS) after cigarette smoke extract (CSE) exposure than PBECs obtained from smokers without airflow obstruction (SWAO) and non-smokers (NS).PBECs from 16 COPD subjects, 10 SWAOand 9 NS were cultured at air-liquid interface. Cultures were incubated with CSE prior to stimulation with PA LPS. IL-6 and IL-8 were measured by ELISA and Toll-like receptor 4 expression by FACS. Activation of NF-?B was determined by western blotting and ELISA, and MAPK and caspase-3 activity by western blotting. Apoptosis was evaluated using Annexin-V staining and the terminal transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL) methods.Constitutive release of IL-8 and IL-6 was greatest from the COPD cultures.However, CSE pre-treatment followed by PA LPS stimulation reduced IL-8 release from COPD PBECs, but increased it from cells of SWAOand NS. TLR-4 expression,MAPK and NF-?B activation in COPD cultures were reduced after CSE treatment, but not in the SWAOor NS groups, which was associated with increased apoptosis.CSE attenuates inflammatory responses to LPS in cells from people with COPD but not those from non-smoking individuals and those who smoke without airflow obstruction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine