Alienation Appraisals Mediate the Relationships between Childhood Trauma and Multiple Markers of Posttraumatic Stress

Ryan Mitchell, Donncha Hanna, Kate Brennan, David Curran, Brian McDermott, Margaret Ryan, Kelly Craig, Paulette Wallace, Kevin Dyer

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Abstract

Rates of posttraumatic stress are elevated in individuals who have experienced childhood and/or cumulative trauma, and trauma appraisals have been suggested as a possible mediator of this effect. This study tested the proposed mediating role of trauma appraisals between both childhood and cumulative trauma, and two markers of trauma-related distress; posttraumatic stress and depression. Mediation models were developed and tested with data collected from a sample of trauma-exposed, treatment receiving adults (N = 106). Trauma appraisals fully mediated relationships between childhood trauma and PTSD/depression. Appraisals also mediated the relationships between cumulative trauma and depression. When appraisal subscales were simultaneously entered, alienation appraisals were the only significant mediator of these relationships. The study found support for the proposed mediating role of trauma appraisals between different forms of trauma and trauma related distress. Alienation appraisals were particularly emphasised.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
JournalJournal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2018

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Multiple Trauma
Wounds and Injuries
Depression
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders

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Mitchell, Ryan ; Hanna, Donncha ; Brennan, Kate ; Curran, David ; McDermott, Brian ; Ryan, Margaret ; Craig, Kelly ; Wallace, Paulette ; Dyer, Kevin. / Alienation Appraisals Mediate the Relationships between Childhood Trauma and Multiple Markers of Posttraumatic Stress. In: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma. 2018 ; pp. 1-9.
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Alienation Appraisals Mediate the Relationships between Childhood Trauma and Multiple Markers of Posttraumatic Stress. / Mitchell, Ryan; Hanna, Donncha; Brennan, Kate; Curran, David; McDermott, Brian; Ryan, Margaret; Craig, Kelly; Wallace, Paulette ; Dyer, Kevin.

In: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 18.06.2018, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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