Alienation Appraisals Mediate the Relationships between Childhood Trauma and Multiple Markers of Posttraumatic Stress

Ryan Mitchell, Donncha Hanna*, Kate Brennan, David Curran, Brian McDermott, Margaret Ryan, Kelly Craig, Emma McCullough, Paulette Wallace, Kevin F.W. Dyer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
208 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Rates of posttraumatic stress are elevated in individuals who have experienced childhood and/or cumulative trauma, and trauma appraisals have been suggested as a possible mediator of this effect. This study tested the proposed mediating role of trauma appraisals between both childhood and cumulative trauma, and two markers of trauma-related distress; posttraumatic stress and depression. Mediation models were developed and tested with data collected from a sample of trauma-exposed, treatment receiving adults (N = 106). Trauma appraisals fully mediated relationships between childhood trauma and PTSD/depression. Appraisals also mediated the relationships between cumulative trauma and depression. When appraisal subscales were simultaneously entered, alienation appraisals were the only significant mediator of these relationships. The study found support for the proposed mediating role of trauma appraisals between different forms of trauma and trauma related distress. Alienation appraisals were particularly emphasised.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-19
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
Volume13
Issue number1
Early online date18 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, The Author(s).

Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Alienation
  • Childhood trauma
  • Cumulative trauma
  • Depression
  • Mediation
  • Posttraumatic stress
  • Trauma appraisals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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