Aligning software engineering education with industrial needs: A meta-analysis

Vahid Garousi*, Görkem Giray, Eray Tüzün, Cagatay Catal, Michael Felderer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
98 Downloads (Pure)


Context: According to various reports, many software engineering (SE) graduates often face difficulties when beginning their careers, which is mainly due to misalignment of the skills learned in university education with what is needed in the software industry. Objective: Our objective is to perform a meta-analysis to aggregate the results of the studies published in this area to provide a consolidated view on how to align SE education with industry needs, to identify the most important skills and also existing knowledge gaps. Method: To synthesize the body of knowledge, we performed a systematic literature review (SLR), in which we systematically selected a pool of 35 studies and then conducted a meta-analysis using data extracted from those studies. Results: Via a meta-analysis and using data from 13 countries and over 4,000 data points, highlights of the SLR include: (1) software requirements, design, and testing are the most important skills; and (2) the greatest knowledge gaps are in configuration management, SE models and methods, SE process, design (and architecture), as well as in testing. Conclusion: This paper provides implications for both educators and hiring managers by listing the most important SE skills and the knowledge gaps in the industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-83
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Systems and Software
Early online date12 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Important skills
  • Industry needs
  • Knowledge gap
  • Meta-analysis
  • Software engineering education
  • Systematic literature review (SLR)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Information Systems


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