Allogenic Peripheral Blood Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) Enhance Bone Regeneration in Rabbit Ulna Critical-Sized Bone Defect Model

C. Wan, Q. He, Gang Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were demonstrated to exist within peripheral blood (PB) of several mammalian species including human, guinea pig, mice, rat, and rabbit. Whether or not the PB derived MSCs (PBMSCs) could enhance the regeneration of large bone defects have not been reported. In this study, rabbit MSCs were obtained from mononuclear cells (MNCs) cultures of both the PB and bone marrow (BM) origin. The number of PBMSCs was relatively lower, with the colony forming efficiency (CFE) ranging from 1.2-13 per million MNCs. Under specific inductive conditions, PBMSCs differentiated into osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and adipocytes, showing multi- differentiation ability similar to BMMSCs. Bilateral 20 mm critical-sized bone defects were created in the ulnae of twelve 6-month old New Zealand white rabbits. The defects were treated with allogenic PBMSCs/Skelite (porous calcium phosphate resorbable substitute), BMMSCs/Skelite, PBMNCs/Skelite, Skelite alone and left empty for 12 weeks. Bone regeneration was evaluated by serial radiography, peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT), and histological examinations. The x-ray scores and the pQCT total bone mineral density in the PBMSCs/Skelite and BMMSCs/Skelite treated groups were significantly greater than those of the PBMNCs/Skelite and Skelite alone groups (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)610-618
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume24(4)
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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