Altered endothelin-1 induced contraction and second messenger generation in bovine retinal microvascular pericytes cultured in high glucose medium.

Usha Chakravarthy, Ann McGinty, J McKillop, Paul Anderson, D.B. Archer, Elizabeth Trimble

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Abstract

The effect of simulated hyperglycaemia on bovine retinal pericytes was studied following culture of these cells for 10 days under normal (5 mmol/l) and elevated (25 mmol/l) glucose conditions in the absence of endothelial cells. Pericytes cultured under high ambient glucose exhibited both a delayed and reduced contractile response following stimulation with endothelin-1. Stimulation with 10(-7) mol/l endothelin-1 for 30 s caused significant contraction in cells grown in both 5 mmol/l and 25 mmol/l glucose. The former also contracted significantly with 10(-8) mol/l endothelin-1. Further, at all concentrations tested, statistical comparison of the time course of contraction showed a significant difference (p 0.1) between bovine retinal pericytes grown for 10 days under normo- or hyperglycaemic conditions, it became apparent that the altered contractility in bovine retinal pericytes following culture in high glucose must be due to post-binding intracellular disturbance(s). Indeed, both basal and 15 s post-stimulation with 10(-8) mol/l endothelin-1, levels of inositol trisphosphate were significantly reduced (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-42
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetologia
Volume37
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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Pericytes
Second Messenger Systems
Endothelin-1
Glucose
Inositol
Hyperglycemia
Endothelial Cells
Cell Culture Techniques

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title = "Altered endothelin-1 induced contraction and second messenger generation in bovine retinal microvascular pericytes cultured in high glucose medium.",
abstract = "The effect of simulated hyperglycaemia on bovine retinal pericytes was studied following culture of these cells for 10 days under normal (5 mmol/l) and elevated (25 mmol/l) glucose conditions in the absence of endothelial cells. Pericytes cultured under high ambient glucose exhibited both a delayed and reduced contractile response following stimulation with endothelin-1. Stimulation with 10(-7) mol/l endothelin-1 for 30 s caused significant contraction in cells grown in both 5 mmol/l and 25 mmol/l glucose. The former also contracted significantly with 10(-8) mol/l endothelin-1. Further, at all concentrations tested, statistical comparison of the time course of contraction showed a significant difference (p 0.1) between bovine retinal pericytes grown for 10 days under normo- or hyperglycaemic conditions, it became apparent that the altered contractility in bovine retinal pericytes following culture in high glucose must be due to post-binding intracellular disturbance(s). Indeed, both basal and 15 s post-stimulation with 10(-8) mol/l endothelin-1, levels of inositol trisphosphate were significantly reduced (p",
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Altered endothelin-1 induced contraction and second messenger generation in bovine retinal microvascular pericytes cultured in high glucose medium. / Chakravarthy, Usha; McGinty, Ann; McKillop, J; Anderson, Paul; Archer, D.B. ; Trimble, Elizabeth.

In: Diabetologia, Vol. 37, 1994, p. 36-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Altered endothelin-1 induced contraction and second messenger generation in bovine retinal microvascular pericytes cultured in high glucose medium.

AU - Chakravarthy, Usha

AU - McGinty, Ann

AU - McKillop, J

AU - Anderson, Paul

AU - Archer, D.B.

AU - Trimble, Elizabeth

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - The effect of simulated hyperglycaemia on bovine retinal pericytes was studied following culture of these cells for 10 days under normal (5 mmol/l) and elevated (25 mmol/l) glucose conditions in the absence of endothelial cells. Pericytes cultured under high ambient glucose exhibited both a delayed and reduced contractile response following stimulation with endothelin-1. Stimulation with 10(-7) mol/l endothelin-1 for 30 s caused significant contraction in cells grown in both 5 mmol/l and 25 mmol/l glucose. The former also contracted significantly with 10(-8) mol/l endothelin-1. Further, at all concentrations tested, statistical comparison of the time course of contraction showed a significant difference (p 0.1) between bovine retinal pericytes grown for 10 days under normo- or hyperglycaemic conditions, it became apparent that the altered contractility in bovine retinal pericytes following culture in high glucose must be due to post-binding intracellular disturbance(s). Indeed, both basal and 15 s post-stimulation with 10(-8) mol/l endothelin-1, levels of inositol trisphosphate were significantly reduced (p

AB - The effect of simulated hyperglycaemia on bovine retinal pericytes was studied following culture of these cells for 10 days under normal (5 mmol/l) and elevated (25 mmol/l) glucose conditions in the absence of endothelial cells. Pericytes cultured under high ambient glucose exhibited both a delayed and reduced contractile response following stimulation with endothelin-1. Stimulation with 10(-7) mol/l endothelin-1 for 30 s caused significant contraction in cells grown in both 5 mmol/l and 25 mmol/l glucose. The former also contracted significantly with 10(-8) mol/l endothelin-1. Further, at all concentrations tested, statistical comparison of the time course of contraction showed a significant difference (p 0.1) between bovine retinal pericytes grown for 10 days under normo- or hyperglycaemic conditions, it became apparent that the altered contractility in bovine retinal pericytes following culture in high glucose must be due to post-binding intracellular disturbance(s). Indeed, both basal and 15 s post-stimulation with 10(-8) mol/l endothelin-1, levels of inositol trisphosphate were significantly reduced (p

M3 - Article

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SP - 36

EP - 42

JO - Diabetologia

JF - Diabetologia

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