Altered endothelin-1 induced contraction and second messenger generation in bovine retinal microvascular pericytes cultured in high glucose medium.

Usha Chakravarthy, Ann McGinty, J McKillop, Paul Anderson, D.B. Archer, Elizabeth Trimble

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of simulated hyperglycaemia on bovine retinal pericytes was studied following culture of these cells for 10 days under normal (5 mmol/l) and elevated (25 mmol/l) glucose conditions in the absence of endothelial cells. Pericytes cultured under high ambient glucose exhibited both a delayed and reduced contractile response following stimulation with endothelin-1. Stimulation with 10(-7) mol/l endothelin-1 for 30 s caused significant contraction in cells grown in both 5 mmol/l and 25 mmol/l glucose. The former also contracted significantly with 10(-8) mol/l endothelin-1. Further, at all concentrations tested, statistical comparison of the time course of contraction showed a significant difference (p 0.1) between bovine retinal pericytes grown for 10 days under normo- or hyperglycaemic conditions, it became apparent that the altered contractility in bovine retinal pericytes following culture in high glucose must be due to post-binding intracellular disturbance(s). Indeed, both basal and 15 s post-stimulation with 10(-8) mol/l endothelin-1, levels of inositol trisphosphate were significantly reduced (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-42
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetologia
Volume37
Publication statusPublished - 1994

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