An application of bi-directional evolutionary structural optimisation for optimising energy absorbing structures using a material damage model

Daniel Stojanov, Brian Falzon, Xinhua Wu, Wenyi Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Bi-directional Evolutionary Structural Optimisation (BESO) method is a numerical topology optimisation method developed for use in finite element analysis. This paper presents a particular application of the BESO method to optimise the energy absorbing capability of metallic structures. The optimisation objective is to evolve a structural geometry of minimum mass while ensuring that the kinetic energy of an impacting projectile is reduced to a level which prevents perforation. Individual elements in a finite element mesh are deleted when a prescribed damage criterion is exceeded. An energy absorbing structure subjected to projectile impact will fail once the level of damage results in a critical perforation size. It is therefore necessary to constrain an optimisation algorithm from producing such candidate solutions. An algorithm to detect perforation was implemented within a BESO framework which incorporated a ductile material damage model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)836-841
JournalApplied Mechanics And Materials
Volume553
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2014

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