An audit of antimicrobial treatment of lower respiratory and urinary tract infections in a hospital setting

Hedvig Maripuu, Mamoon A. Aldeyab, Mary P. Kearney, James C. McElnay, Geraldine Conlon, Fidelma A. Magee, Michael G. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To audit the quality of treatment of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) and urinary tract infections (UTIs) and to identify targets for antibiotic stewardship. Methods: The audit involved collecting data on admitted patients, who were diagnosed with LRTIs or UTIs and subsequently received antibiotic treatment (January 2009-April 2009). Key findings: The percentage adherence rate for hospital antibiotic policy was 68.6% (24/35). Documentation of the CURB-65 score was found in 80% (16/20) of the patients' clinical notes, for which 46.2% (6/13) of patients were treated according to their CURB- 65 score. The percentages of delayed and missed doses for all antibiotics were 21.7% (254/1171) and 8.6% (101/1171), respectively. The percentage of patients switched from intravenous to oral antibiotics in accordance with the policy was 58.5% (31/53). The mean length of stay for patients switched in line with the guidelines was 6.9 days (range: 2-18 days) compared with 13.2 days (range: 4-28 days) for patients treated with intravenous antibiotics >24 h after the intravenous to oral switch criteria were fulfilled; this equates to on average an extra 6.3 days of hospitalisation (p=0.01). Conclusions: The study identified a number of targets for quality improvement including adherence to antibiotic policy, documentation of the CURB-65 score in patients' notes and treating patients accordingly, addressing the issue of missed and delayed doses, and maintaining adherence to the hospital intravenous-to-oral antibiotic switch policy. The findings suggest that the quality of antibiotic prescribing could be improved by measuring and addressing such performance indicators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-144
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Hospital Pharmacy: Science and Practice
Volume21
Issue number3
Early online date17 Jan 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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