An early analysis of the cost-effectiveness of a diagnostic classifier for risk stratification of haematuria patients (DCRSHP) compared to flexible cystoscopy in the diagnosis of bladder cancer

Andrew J. Sutton, John V. Lamont, R. Mark Evans, Kate Williamson, Declan O'Rourke, Brian Duggan, Gurdeep S. Sagoo, Cherith N. Reid, Mark W. Ruddock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
161 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background:
Urothelial bladder cancer (UBC) is the 5th most common cancer in Western societies. The most common symptom of UBC is haematuria. Cystoscopy the gold standard for UBC detection, allows direct observation of the bladder, but is expensive, invasive, and uncomfortable. This study examines whether an alternative new urine-based diagnostic test, the DCRSHP, is cost-effective as a triage diagnostic tool compared to flexible cystoscopy in the diagnosis of UBC in haematuria patients.
Methods:
A model-based cost-utility analysis using cost per quality adjusted life year and life year gained, parameterised with secondary data sources.
Results:
If the DCRSHP is targeted at haematuria patients at lower risk of having bladder cancer e.g. younger patients, non-smokers, then it can be priced as high as £620, and be both effective and cost-effective. Sensitivity analysis found that DCRSHP is approximately 80% likely to be cost-effective across all willingness to pay values (for a QALY) and prevalence estimates.
Conclusion:
This analysis shows the potential for a non-invasive test to be added to the diagnostic pathway for haematuria patients suspected of having UBC. If the DCRSHP is applied targeting haematuria patients at low risk of UBC, then it has the potential to be both effective and cost-effective.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0202796
Pages (from-to)1-15
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • bladder cancer
  • cost effectiveness
  • cystoscopy
  • diagnosis
  • haematuria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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