An eclipsing M-dwarf close to the hydrogen burning limit from NGTS

Jack S. Acton, Michael R. Goad, Sarah L. Casewell, José I. Vines, Matthew R. Burleigh, Phillip Eigmüller, Louise D. Nielsen, Boris T. Gänsicke, Daniel Bayliss, François Bouchy, Edward M. Bryant, Samuel Gill, Edward Gillen, Maximilian N. Günther, James S. Jenkins, James McCormac, Maximiliano Moyano, Liam R. Raynard, Rosanna H. Tilbrook, Stéphane UdryChristopher A. Watson, Richard G. West, Peter J. Wheatley

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Abstract

We present the discovery of NGTS J0930-18, an extreme mass ratio eclipsing M-dwarf binary system with an early M-dwarf primary and a late M-dwarf secondary close to the hydrogen burning limit. Global modelling of photometry and radial velocities reveals that the secondary component (NGTS J0930-18 B) has a mass of M=0.0818 ^{+0.0040}_{-0.0015} M* and radius of R=0.1059 ^{+0.0023}_{-0.0021} R*, making it one of the lowest mass stars with direct mass and radius measurements. With a mass ratio of q =0.1407 ^{+0.0065}_{-0.017}, NGTS J0930-18 has the lowest mass ratio of any known eclipsing M-dwarf binary system, posing interesting questions for binary star formation and evolution models. The mass and radius of NGTS J0930-18 B is broadly consistent with stellar evolutionary models. NGTS J0930-18 B lies in the sparsely populated mass radius parameter space close to the substellar boundary. Precise measurements of masses and radii from single lined eclipsing binary systems of this type are vital for constraining the uncertainty in the mass-radius relationship - of importance due to the growing number of terrestrial planets being discovered around low mass stars.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3115-3124
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume498
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Accepted for Publication in MNRAS

Keywords

  • astro-ph.SR
  • astro-ph.EP

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