An ether-functionalised cyclic sulfonium based ionic liquid as an electrolyte for electrochemical double layer capacitors

Alex R. Neale, Sinead Murphy, Peter Goodrich, Christoph Schütter, Christopher Hardacre, Stefano Passerini, Andrea Balducci, Johan Jacquemin

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Abstract

A novel cyclic sulfonium cation-based ionic liquid (IL) with an ether-group appendage and the bis{(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl}imide anion was synthesised and developed for electrochemical double layer capacitor (EDLC) testing. The synthesis and chemical-physical characterisation of the ether-group containing IL is reported in parallel with a similarly sized alkyl-functionalised sulfonium IL. Results of the chemical-physical measurements demonstrate how important transport properties, i.e. viscosity and conductivity, can be promoted through the introduction of the ether-functionality without impeding thermal, chemical or electrochemical stability of the IL. Although the apparent transport properties are improved relative to the alkyl-functionalised analogue, the ether-functionalised sulfonium cation-based IL exhibits moderately high viscosity, and poorer conductivity, when compared to traditional EDLC electrolytes based on organic solvents (propylene carbonate and acetonitrile). Electrochemical testing of the ether-functionalised sulfonium IL was conducted using activated carbon composite electrodes to inspect the performance of the IL as a solvent-free electrolyte for EDLC application. Good cycling stability was achieved over the studied range and the performance was comparable to other solvent free,
IL-based EDLC systems. Nevertheless, limitations of the attainable performance are primarily the result of sluggish transport properties and a restricted operative voltage of the IL, thus highlighting key aspects of this field which require further attention.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549–559
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume326
Early online date26 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2016

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Ionic Liquids
electrochemical capacitors
Ionic liquids
Ether
Electrolytes
Ethers
ethers
Capacitors
electrolytes
liquids
Transport properties
transport properties
Cations
Positive ions
Viscosity
viscosity
appendages
Imides
cations
conductivity

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Neale, A. R., Murphy, S., Goodrich, P., Schütter, C., Hardacre, C., Passerini, S., ... Jacquemin, J. (2016). An ether-functionalised cyclic sulfonium based ionic liquid as an electrolyte for electrochemical double layer capacitors. Journal of Power Sources, 326, 549–559. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.06.085
Neale, Alex R. ; Murphy, Sinead ; Goodrich, Peter ; Schütter, Christoph ; Hardacre, Christopher ; Passerini, Stefano ; Balducci, Andrea ; Jacquemin, Johan. / An ether-functionalised cyclic sulfonium based ionic liquid as an electrolyte for electrochemical double layer capacitors. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2016 ; Vol. 326. pp. 549–559.
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Neale, AR, Murphy, S, Goodrich, P, Schütter, C, Hardacre, C, Passerini, S, Balducci, A & Jacquemin, J 2016, 'An ether-functionalised cyclic sulfonium based ionic liquid as an electrolyte for electrochemical double layer capacitors', Journal of Power Sources, vol. 326, pp. 549–559. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2016.06.085

An ether-functionalised cyclic sulfonium based ionic liquid as an electrolyte for electrochemical double layer capacitors. / Neale, Alex R.; Murphy, Sinead; Goodrich, Peter; Schütter, Christoph; Hardacre, Christopher; Passerini, Stefano; Balducci, Andrea; Jacquemin, Johan.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 326, 15.09.2016, p. 549–559.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - An ether-functionalised cyclic sulfonium based ionic liquid as an electrolyte for electrochemical double layer capacitors

AU - Neale, Alex R.

AU - Murphy, Sinead

AU - Goodrich, Peter

AU - Schütter, Christoph

AU - Hardacre, Christopher

AU - Passerini, Stefano

AU - Balducci, Andrea

AU - Jacquemin, Johan

PY - 2016/9/15

Y1 - 2016/9/15

N2 - A novel cyclic sulfonium cation-based ionic liquid (IL) with an ether-group appendage and the bis{(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl}imide anion was synthesised and developed for electrochemical double layer capacitor (EDLC) testing. The synthesis and chemical-physical characterisation of the ether-group containing IL is reported in parallel with a similarly sized alkyl-functionalised sulfonium IL. Results of the chemical-physical measurements demonstrate how important transport properties, i.e. viscosity and conductivity, can be promoted through the introduction of the ether-functionality without impeding thermal, chemical or electrochemical stability of the IL. Although the apparent transport properties are improved relative to the alkyl-functionalised analogue, the ether-functionalised sulfonium cation-based IL exhibits moderately high viscosity, and poorer conductivity, when compared to traditional EDLC electrolytes based on organic solvents (propylene carbonate and acetonitrile). Electrochemical testing of the ether-functionalised sulfonium IL was conducted using activated carbon composite electrodes to inspect the performance of the IL as a solvent-free electrolyte for EDLC application. Good cycling stability was achieved over the studied range and the performance was comparable to other solvent free,IL-based EDLC systems. Nevertheless, limitations of the attainable performance are primarily the result of sluggish transport properties and a restricted operative voltage of the IL, thus highlighting key aspects of this field which require further attention.

AB - A novel cyclic sulfonium cation-based ionic liquid (IL) with an ether-group appendage and the bis{(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl}imide anion was synthesised and developed for electrochemical double layer capacitor (EDLC) testing. The synthesis and chemical-physical characterisation of the ether-group containing IL is reported in parallel with a similarly sized alkyl-functionalised sulfonium IL. Results of the chemical-physical measurements demonstrate how important transport properties, i.e. viscosity and conductivity, can be promoted through the introduction of the ether-functionality without impeding thermal, chemical or electrochemical stability of the IL. Although the apparent transport properties are improved relative to the alkyl-functionalised analogue, the ether-functionalised sulfonium cation-based IL exhibits moderately high viscosity, and poorer conductivity, when compared to traditional EDLC electrolytes based on organic solvents (propylene carbonate and acetonitrile). Electrochemical testing of the ether-functionalised sulfonium IL was conducted using activated carbon composite electrodes to inspect the performance of the IL as a solvent-free electrolyte for EDLC application. Good cycling stability was achieved over the studied range and the performance was comparable to other solvent free,IL-based EDLC systems. Nevertheless, limitations of the attainable performance are primarily the result of sluggish transport properties and a restricted operative voltage of the IL, thus highlighting key aspects of this field which require further attention.

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JF - Journal of Power Sources

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