An Evaluation of a Storybook Targeting Parental Attitudes, Intention, and Self-Efficacy to Change Their Child’s Oral Health Behavior

Lucy O'Malley, Pauline Adair, Girvan Burnside, Louise Robinson, Margaret Coffey, Cynthia Pine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
460 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective: Methods for reducing dental disease have traditionally focused on health education rather than targeting psychosocial determinants of the core behaviors through behavior change strategies. This study tested a novel intervention in the form of a children’s story (Kitten’s First Tooth) embedded with behavior change techniques (Abraham & Michie, 2008) with the aim of investigating how effective the intervention was at improving parents’ efficacy and intention to enact oral health behaviors for their child. Method: A controlled before and after study conducted in a deprived area of England (n = 149; child mean age 4 years) with an intervention and control group. Changes in task specific parental self-efficacy (PSE) and intention were measured using the Oral Health Behaviors Questionnaire (OHBQ; Adair et al., 2004) at baseline and 3 months following intervention. Results: Of the 149 participants, 129 returned both baseline and evaluation questionnaires (retention 86.6%), 125 of these pairs of questionnaires were used in the analysis (83.4%). The OHBQ was analyzed using a general linear model (ANCOVA). A significant difference was found in favor of the intervention group for PSE related to child tooth brushing behaviors, F(1,1) = 12.04, p = .001, however no change was observed for PSE related to control of dietary sugars. Conclusions: A theorized children’s story can be effective as an oral health promotion intervention by supporting parents to improve their child’s oral health-related behavior. Change was observed for child tooth brushing but not sugar control. This may reflect story contents or may be indicative of difficulties of changing dietary behavior.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-159
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Feb 2017

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