An Investigation of the Flow Field through a Variable Geometry Turbine Stator with Vane Endwall Clearance

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Abstract

Variable geometry turbines provide an extra degree of flexibility in air management in turbocharged engines. The pivoting stator vanes used to achieve the variable turbine geometry necessitate the inclusion of stator vane endwall clearances. The consequent leakage flow through the endwall clearances impacts the flow in the stator vane passages and an understanding of the impact of the leakage flow on stator loss is required. A numerical model of a typical variable geometry turbine was developed using the commercial CFX-10 computational fluid dynamics software, and validated using laser doppler velocimetry and static pressure measurements from a variable geometry turbine with stator vane endwall clearance. Two different stator vane positions were investigated, each at three different operating conditions representing different vane loadings. The vane endwall leakage was found to have a significant impact on the stator loss and on the uniformity of flow entering the turbine rotor. The leakage flow changed considerably at different vane positions and flow incidence at vane inlet was found to have a significant impact.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)899-910
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part A: Journal of Power and Energy
Volume220 (8)
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

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