An investigation of the role of pH in the rapid photocatalytic degradation of MCPA and its primary intermediate by low-power UV LED irradiation

Jamie Kelly, Gary Morrison, Nathan Skillen*, Panagiotis Manesiotis, Peter K.J. Robertson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The rapid and efficient removal of pollutants from water is of vital importance. The removal of such compounds is often achieved by adsorption techniques, however the deployment of advanced oxidation processes can present a method for complete degradation. 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) has been shown to be present in high concentrations in waterways, especially in Northern Ireland. Reported here is the rapid removal of MCPA and its primary degradation intermediate, 4-chloro-2-methylphenol (CMP), in a novel propeller fluidised photo reactor under low-power LED UV irradiation (1.05 W). Under optimum conditions (pH=3.8) MCPA was completely degraded within 30 min and CMP within 90 min of UV exposure with a high reaction rate and photonic efficiency of 9.74 molMCPA photon-1 min-1. The mechanism of degradation and contaminant-TiO2 surface interaction are elucidated through investigation of the impact of pH on photocatalytic activity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-118
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume359
Early online date19 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Light emitting diodes
Irradiation
Degradation
Acids
2-Methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic Acid
Water Pollutants
Propellers
Photonics
Reaction rates
Photons
Impurities
Adsorption
Oxidation
4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid
Water
4-chloro-2-cresol

Keywords

  • Degradation mechanism
  • Light emitting diodes
  • MCPA
  • Photocatalytic reactor
  • Water quality

Cite this

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title = "An investigation of the role of pH in the rapid photocatalytic degradation of MCPA and its primary intermediate by low-power UV LED irradiation",
abstract = "The rapid and efficient removal of pollutants from water is of vital importance. The removal of such compounds is often achieved by adsorption techniques, however the deployment of advanced oxidation processes can present a method for complete degradation. 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) has been shown to be present in high concentrations in waterways, especially in Northern Ireland. Reported here is the rapid removal of MCPA and its primary degradation intermediate, 4-chloro-2-methylphenol (CMP), in a novel propeller fluidised photo reactor under low-power LED UV irradiation (1.05 W). Under optimum conditions (pH=3.8) MCPA was completely degraded within 30 min and CMP within 90 min of UV exposure with a high reaction rate and photonic efficiency of 9.74 molMCPA photon-1 min-1. The mechanism of degradation and contaminant-TiO2 surface interaction are elucidated through investigation of the impact of pH on photocatalytic activity.",
keywords = "Degradation mechanism, Light emitting diodes, MCPA, Photocatalytic reactor, Water quality",
author = "Jamie Kelly and Gary Morrison and Nathan Skillen and Panagiotis Manesiotis and Robertson, {Peter K.J.}",
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T1 - An investigation of the role of pH in the rapid photocatalytic degradation of MCPA and its primary intermediate by low-power UV LED irradiation

AU - Kelly, Jamie

AU - Morrison, Gary

AU - Skillen, Nathan

AU - Manesiotis, Panagiotis

AU - Robertson, Peter K.J.

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - The rapid and efficient removal of pollutants from water is of vital importance. The removal of such compounds is often achieved by adsorption techniques, however the deployment of advanced oxidation processes can present a method for complete degradation. 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) has been shown to be present in high concentrations in waterways, especially in Northern Ireland. Reported here is the rapid removal of MCPA and its primary degradation intermediate, 4-chloro-2-methylphenol (CMP), in a novel propeller fluidised photo reactor under low-power LED UV irradiation (1.05 W). Under optimum conditions (pH=3.8) MCPA was completely degraded within 30 min and CMP within 90 min of UV exposure with a high reaction rate and photonic efficiency of 9.74 molMCPA photon-1 min-1. The mechanism of degradation and contaminant-TiO2 surface interaction are elucidated through investigation of the impact of pH on photocatalytic activity.

AB - The rapid and efficient removal of pollutants from water is of vital importance. The removal of such compounds is often achieved by adsorption techniques, however the deployment of advanced oxidation processes can present a method for complete degradation. 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) has been shown to be present in high concentrations in waterways, especially in Northern Ireland. Reported here is the rapid removal of MCPA and its primary degradation intermediate, 4-chloro-2-methylphenol (CMP), in a novel propeller fluidised photo reactor under low-power LED UV irradiation (1.05 W). Under optimum conditions (pH=3.8) MCPA was completely degraded within 30 min and CMP within 90 min of UV exposure with a high reaction rate and photonic efficiency of 9.74 molMCPA photon-1 min-1. The mechanism of degradation and contaminant-TiO2 surface interaction are elucidated through investigation of the impact of pH on photocatalytic activity.

KW - Degradation mechanism

KW - Light emitting diodes

KW - MCPA

KW - Photocatalytic reactor

KW - Water quality

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