An investigation of the stability enhancement of a centrifugal compressor stage using a porous throat diffuser

Lee Galloway, Stephen Spence, Sung Kim, Daniel Rusch, Klemens Vogel, René Hunziker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The stable operating range of a centrifugal compressor stage of an engine turbocharger is limited at low mass flow rates by aerodynamic instabilities which can lead to the onset of rotating stall or surge. There have been many techniques employed to increase the stable operating range of centrifugal compressor stages. The literature demonstrates that there are various possibilities for adding special treatments to the nominal diffuser vane geometry, or including injection or bleed flows to modify the diffuser flow field in order to influence diffuser stability. One such treatment is the porous throat diffuser (PTD). Although the benefits of this technique have been proven in the existing literature, a comprehensive understanding of how this technique operates is not yet available. This paper uses experimental measurements from a high pressure ratio (PR) compressor stage to acquire a sound understanding of the flow features within the vaned diffuser which affect the stability of the overall compression system and investigate the stabilizing mechanism of the porous throat diffuser. The nonuniform circumferential pressure imposed by the asymmetric volute is experimentally and numerically examined to understand if this provides a preferential location for stall inception in the diffuser. The following hypothesis is confirmed: linking of the diffuser throats via the side cavity equalizes the diffuser throat pressure, thus creating a more homogeneous circumferential pressure distribution, which delays stall inception to lower flow rates. The results of the porous throat diffuser configuration are compared to a standard vaned diffuser compressor stage in terms of overall compressor performance parameters, circumferential pressure nonuniformity at various locations through the compressor stage and diffuser subcomponent analysis. The diffuser inlet region was found to be the element most influenced by the porous throat diffuser, and the stability limit is mainly governed by this element.
Original languageEnglish
Article number011008
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Turbomachinery
Volume140
Issue number1
Early online date31 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

Bibliographical note

conference: Paper No. GT2017-63071, Proceedings of ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition, Charlotte, 26-30 June 2017.

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