Analysis of the Steady Flow Characteristics Through a Poppet Valve

Richard Gault, David Thornhill, Robert Fleck, D.O. Mackey, G.F. Chatfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper describes the flow characteristics in the near throat region of a poppet valve under steady flow conditions. An experimental and theoretical procedure was undertaken to determine the total pressure at the assumed throat region of the valve, and also at a downstream location. Experiments of this type can be used to accurately determine the flow performance of a particular induction system. The static pressure recovery was calculated from the near throat region of the valve to the downstream location and was shown to be dependant on valve lift. Total pressure profiles suggest that for this particular induction system, the majority of pressure loss occurs downstream of the valve for lift/diameter ratios up to 0.1, and upstream of the valve for lift/diameter ratios greater than 0.1. Negligible pressure recovery was shown to exist from the cylindrical periphery of the valve head to the downstream location for all valve lifts, indicating that the flow had probably separated completely from the trailing edge of the valve seating face. The calculated discharge coefficients, based on the geometric throat static pressure measurements on the seating face, were in general less than those determined using the downstream static pressure, by as much as 12% in some instances towards the valves lower mass flow rate range.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1080-1093
Number of pages14
JournalJSAE Review
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Bibliographical note

Journal Name: 9780768016895


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