Analyzing Load Profiles of Energy Consumption to Infer Household Characteristics Using Smart Meters

Muhammad Fahim*, Alberto Sillitti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)
67 Downloads (Pure)


The increasing penetration of smart meters provides an excellent opportunity to monitor and analyze energy consumption in residential buildings. In this paper, we propose a framework to process the observed profiles of energy consumption to infer the household characteristics in residential buildings. Such characteristics can be used for improving resource allocation and for an efficient energy management that will ultimately contribute to reducing carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emission. Our approach is based on automated extraction of features from univariate time-series data and development of a model through a variant of the decision trees technique (i.e., ensemble learning mechanism) random forest. We process and analyzed energy consumption data to answer four primitive questions. To evaluate the approach, we performed experiments on publicly available datasets. Our experiments show a precision of 82% and a recall of 81% in inferring household characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number773
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors.

Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Data analysis
  • Energy consumption
  • Smart meter
  • Time-series

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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