Anatomic dissection of the arterial supply of the lips: an anatomical and analytical approach

Rola Abdullah Al-Hoqail, Eiman Abdel Meguid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous investigators have not described some of the new anatomic variations or provided quantitative and analytical data of the arterial anatomy of the lips in as much depth as in this study. Dissections of 14 different facial sides of cadavers were done. Through investigating the arterial supply of the upper and lower lips, measurements were performed and statistically analyzed. The main arterial supply of the upper lip was from the superior labial artery (SLA, mean external diameter, 1.8 mm [SD, 0.74 mm]); in addition, the subalar and septal branches contributed to its vascularization. The origin of the SLA was above the labial commissure in 78.6%. The subalar branch was not found but replaced by the alar artery that arose from the infraorbital artery in 1 specimen. The main arterial supply of the lower lip was derived from 3 branches of the facial artery, the inferior labial artery (mean external diameters, 1.4 mm [SD, 0.31 mm]) and the horizontal and vertical labiomental arteries. The inferior labial artery originated mostly below the labial commissure in 42.9% and formed a common trunk with the SLA in 28.6%. The horizontal labiomental artery was present in all, but vertical labiomental artery was absent in 21.4% of specimens. Overall, observed anatomic variations were classified into types I to VIII. Significant relations between the demographic variables and measured parameters were reported including the correlation coefficient among evaluated parameters. In conclusion, this study provides various information that aids in creating new flaps and supports the vascular base for clinical procedures in reconstructive surgery of the lip.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-94
Number of pages10
JournalThe Journal of craniofacial surgery
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Arteries
  • Cadaver
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lip
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oral Surgical Procedures
  • Surgical Flaps

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